Hitler’s Green Army: Western Europe and Scandinavia


The German Order Police and their European Auxiliaries, 1933-1945: Volume 1, Western Europe and Scandinavia

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Hitler’s Green Army: Western Europe and Scandinavia

A study of German Police Policies in World War II. This multi-volume work deals with the history of the German Police and their collaborationist auxiliary police forces during World War II. This study is intended to give the reader a basic understanding of the organization, employment and use of the German Order Police and the numerous collaborationist forces that aided them during World War II. The volumes therefore, should be viewed as an introduction to this theme. I have tried to present the work in as straightforward a manner as possible, so that even the most novice reader will be able to follow this rather elaborate and complicated topic.

There are many paramilitary organizations which have been covered in this work that some academics may consider out of the realm of this study. For example, this book contains brief histories on the Fascist and Nazi militia groups from various occupied countries. Although many of these organizations did not serve as auxiliary police, they nevertheless provided volunteers. There are many instances where members of these para-military units joined either the German Police as auxiliary police members or served in the puppet government police forces created with the blessing of the German occupation force. That is the reason why these organizations, some of which were not directly involved with the history of the German Police, have been covered.
The history of anti-partisan warfare is also touched on in this study, but only where it relates to the employment of German police forces and their collaborationist police units. The German Police was heavily involved in combating the partisans and their participation was considerable. Most of the guerrilla and anti-guerrilla warfare occurred in Eastern Europe, the USSR and the Balkans. The largest partisan and anti-partisan campaign in Western Europe occurred in Italy. But looking at the German anti-partisan warfare maps, we see that the importance and size of the various guerrilla regions increased the farther into the Balkans and East one went. This will be proved in preceding volumes to this study that will deal with the history of the German police in these regions.
Another subject, which this book details, is the history of the Shoah (holocaust) in Europe and the USSR. While some may think that the subject matter is not directly related to the history of the German Police, and therefore unnecessary; I believe that there are many correlations between the German Order Police and the holocaust. In Scandinavia and Western Europe, one of the missions of the German police was assisting the SS in rounding up Jews in order to send them, initially to transit camps, and eventually to death camps in the East. In Eastern Europe, the USSR and the Balkans however, the actions of the German Police were more direct and sinister vis-à-vis the holocaust. In these regions, entire German police battalions and regiments were committed to the actual destruction of the Jewish race.

This does not mean that the German Police in Western Europe and Scandinavia were benevolent. Jews could not expect any mercy if they attempted to evade an SS or Police roundup; only that in the East, the Ordnungspolizei (Order Police) were under orders to take direct action against the local Jewish population. This “direct action” was the mass murder of the Jewish inhabitants. Why this happened in Poland, the USSR and other parts of Eastern Europe and not in Western Europe is a question that requires some reasoning. Certainly there must have been an effort on the part of the Nazi government to keep the killing of the Jews a secret from the rest of Europe.

It may have also been that the Nazis saw the East as uncivilized and a region where European culture was lacking. Therefore, their actions there did not require civility or humanity. In fact, the foundation stone of Nazi racial theory dictated that the East was an area where (according to them) the racially superior Nordic race had to eliminate the inferior Slavic race, in order to make room for colonization. In the East therefore, Nazi actions were not to be subject to any restraints. Because the German Order Police during World War II was both directly and indirectly involved in the holocaust, We have come to believe that any history of the German Police must include the history of their actions in the holocaust. 

  • Chapter 1 – Introduction, the German Police between the Two World Wars….
  • Chapter 2 – The Road to War, Breakup and Absorption of the Czechoslovak State…. The Growth of the German Police, 1939-1940 Persecution of Czechoslovakia’s Jews, “Aktion Reinhard” Additional Police Reinforcements for the Czech Occupation.
  • Chapter 3 – The Czech Army during the German Occupation, The Partisan Movement in Bohemia-Moravia, 1942-1945, The Prague Uprising.
  • Chapter 4 – Re-Designations of the German Police Battalions, The German Police in the West, Denmark, Danish Collaboration and Resistance, The Police & SD System in Denmark, The Persecution of the Jews in Denmark, The German Police Arrive in Denmark, The Schalburg Korps, the Hipo Polizei and Sommers Vagtkorps, Sven Hassel: The Hans Christian Anderson of World War II. Norway, The Persecution of the Jews in Norway, German Police Units in Norway, Supreme Commander of the Order Police in Denmark & Norway, the Norwegian Ordenspoliti and Sikkerhetspoliti, The Hirdens Bedriftsvern (Factory Guard), The End of the War and the Price of Collaboration in Norway..
  • Chapter 5 – Belgium and Luxemburg. The Flemish & Walloon Guard Units, The Belgian Collaborationist Police, Luxemburg,The Netherlands
  • Chapter 6 – Total Control in The Netherlands, The Kontroll Kommando and the Holocaust in Holland, Vrijwillige Hulp-Politie, Wachabteilung, Landwacht Nederland, Polizei Freiwilligen Bataillon Niederlande, Festung Niederlande
  • Chapter 7 – Marshal Pétain and Vichy France, Occupying France, Conflict between the German Army and the SS & Police Forces,The Persecution of the Jews in France, Controlling the French Police, Initial Reorganization, Groupes Mobiles der Reserve (GMR), Gendarmerie Nationale, Police Spéciales, Reorganization of the French Police.
  • Chapter 8 – Other Pro-German, French Police Forces, La Milice, “La Police Alemand” (The French-manned Gestapo units), The French Selbstschutzpolizei, Bezen Perrot Group, Le Mouvement National Anti-Terroriste (Lyon), La Hauskapelle Bordeaux, Le Corps Franc Français, La Phalange Raciste, Phalange Africaine, La Brigade Nord-africaine.
  • Chapter 9 – The German Order Police in France,Alsace-Lorraine, Occupation Duty in France, Withdrawal from France to Germany, 1944 to 1945.
  • Chapter 10 – Italy, Locally Raised German & Ethnic-German Police Forces, Operationszone Alpenvorland, Polizei Regiment Bozen / SS Polizei Regiment Bozen, Polizei Bataillon Bozen – Officer Roster, May 11th 1945, Polizei Regiment Alpenvorland / SS Polizei Regiment Alpenvorland, Polizei Regiment Brixen / SS Polizei Regiment Brixen, Polizei Regiment Schlanders/SS Polizei Regiment Schlanders.
  • Chapter 11 – German Police Forces Sent to Italy, 2nd Battalion / SS Polizei Regiment 9, S Polizei Regiment 10, 
  • 3rd Battalion / SS Polizei Regiment 12, SS Polizei Regiment 13, SS Polizei Regiment 14SS Polizei Regiment 15,SS Polizei Regiment 19, 1st Battalion / SS Polizei Regiment 20, 3rd Battalion / SS Polizei Regiment 24, 1st Battalion / SS Polizei Regiment 25, SS Polizei Regiment 28 “Todt”, SS Gendarmerie Bataillon 3, Italians in German Sponsored Police Battalions, Trientiner Sicherungsverband / Corpo de Sicurezza Trentino (CST), 1 Sturmlegion “M” Tagliamento / 1. Sturmlegion Tagliamento (Polizei) / Polizei Freiwilligen Gebirgsjäger Bataillon Tagliamento, Friaulische Freiwilligen Regiment Tagliamento / Polizei Freiwilligen Regiment Tagliamento, Polizei Freiwilligen Bataillon (italienische).
  • Chapter 12 – Anti-Partisan Operations in Central & Northern Italy…. Anti-Partisan Operations between Rome and Florence, The Via Rassella Deaths and the Massacre in the Ardeatine Caves, Anti-Partisan Operations in Emilia-Romagna, Unternehmen Wallenstein I, 271 Unternehmen Wallenstein III, Anti-Partisan Operations in the Tuscany Region, Operations against the Republic of Montefiorino, Anti-Partisan Operations in Liguria, Anti-Partisan Operations in Piedmont, Unternehmen Spärber, Unternehmen Nachtigall, Unternehmen Strasbourg, Unternehmen Avanti & the Partisan Republic of Ossola, October 1944, Unternehmen Hochland, January-March 1945, Anti-Partisan Operations in the Lombardy Region, Anti-Partisan Operations in the Marche Region.
  • Chapter 13 – Anti-Partisan Operations in the Adriatic Coast Region, Unternehmen Adler, December 1944, The War against the Jews in Italy, The Italian Social Republic Police Forces, 1943-1945, Specialized Police Units, The Republican National Guard (G.N.R.), The Black Brigades (Brigate Nere)., the G.N.R. ETNA Anti-Parachute Division, The Chief of the Order Police Visits Norway, April 1942.

Europa books Antonio J. Muñoz 1891227477

Weight1.70 kg
Dimensions2.7 × 22.2 × 29 cm

Antonio J. Muñoz








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